Waterfalls are also called cascades. The process of erosion, the wearing away of the earth play an important part in the formation of waterfalls. A waterfall is an area where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river. Waterfalls also occur where meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf.
Waterfalls can create calmness, especially during the day. They can also help in the reduction of the free radicals which cause the damage of cells, DNA, and proteins in the body through the release of the negative ions. From the biggest in the world, Angel Falls in Venezuela to Mill Ponds falls, located in Newington, Connecticut, the smallest.
Tres Hermanas Waterfall, Peru, South America
“Three Sisters” is one of the tallest waterfalls in the world, but we admire it more for its beautiful Otishi national park, near the magnificent Cutivireni river. Peru isn’t only famous for its deserts and food scene, but also for its wildlife and nature in all its splendor. Tres Hermanas is a tiered waterfall with three drops or parcels and is surrounded by mountain forests where its name derives from.
Victoria Falls, South Africa
Victoria Falls is the most spectacular sight anywhere in the African continent. One of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World, this huge curtain waterfall lies on the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia, where the mighty Zambezi River plunges over 110 meters down into a narrow gorge, creating a waterfall that is a mile wide; the widest in the world. All very impressive, especially knowing that it is home to a really high concentration of crocodiles swimming its river. So perhaps, best not to bring your swimming suits just yet.
Havasu Waterfall, Arizona, United States
Havasu Falls is a waterfall of Havasu Creek, located in the Grand Canyon, Arizona, United States. It is within Havasupai tribal lands and you can swim up to the waterfalls and climb up behind the base of the fall as it is between 4-5 feet deep in most places. A 3-day hike is possible if you were to hold a permit, but very worth it. The 800 year old Tribes are still living within this space which makes it really intriguing and a place sure to visit if ever in Arizona.
Dudhsagar Falls, India
Goa’s Dudhsagar Falls is a tremendously majestic waterfall where the white water smashing through the steep and vertical face of the mountain portrays a cascading effect. Standing as tall as 310 meters, it makes sure to stand in the list of tallest waterfalls in India. The cascading effect of this waterfall gives rise to the illusion of a milky white sea falling from such a great height due to its white sprays and foam. This is how the Falls acquired its name, the Dudhsagar Falls. The four-tiered waterfall marks its presence along the Mandovi River in the Sanguem taluka in Goa.
Kaieteur Falls, Guyana, Amazon, United States
“Old Man Fall”, from the epic legend that a man was purposely sent overboard the fall, from a boat in the late 19th century, or Kaieteur Falls is the world’s largest single-drop waterfall by the volume of water flowing over it. Located on the Potaro River in the Kaieteur National Park, it sits in a section of the Amazon rainforest included in the Potaro-Siparuni region of Guyana. According to local Patoma Indian lore, chief Kai saved his people by paddling over the precipice in an act of self-sacrifice to the spirit Makonaima. A truly magnificent experience being anywhere near it, feeling like you are the last human on Earth.
Angel Falls, Canaima National Park, Venezuela
Angel Falls is a waterfall in Venezuela buried in the jungle. It is the world’s highest uninterrupted waterfall, with a height of 979 meters and a plunge of 807 m. The waterfall drops over the edge of the Auyán-tepui mountain in the Canaima National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site in the Gran Sabana region of Bolívar State. Its cheer size is really rather extraordinary and one must feel every so small and irrelevant-like. The power of nature is truly magnificent especially when it comes to the tallest waterfall on our planet.
Sutherland Falls, New Zealand
New Zealand overall is one of the most incredible places on Earth home to so much nature. It is also home, of course, famous for one of the mightiest waterfalls in the country, in Fiordland National Park on the Milford Track on the South Island. The only massive disadvantage is that it’s not easily accessible and to be able to visit it you should either walk 4 days tramping Milford track or take a scenic flight. However, if you have a little willpower then this is an absolute must. The views are magnificent and totally worth the hike.
Gullfoss Falls, Iceland
Iceland is not only renowned for the Northern Lights nor for its glaciers but also hosts one of the most beautiful and incredible waterfalls in the world. The Olfusa River rushes Gullfoss Falls, Iceland’s most iconic waterfall, and is a true indication of this natural, ice-toned beauty to be found throughout the entire country. Most often viewed from above by helicopter, Gullfoss offers a dramatic sight to never forget and it appears as though the water is rushing off the cliff, simply vanishing into thin air. Just like that. A wonderful experience not to be missed.
Plitvice Lakes National Park Waterfall, Croatia
Eastern Europe might not be in the mind of many when mentioning the topic of the most incredible waterfalls on the planet, however, now, you have the thinking ability to think otherwise. Plitviče Lakes National Park is a 295-sq.-km forest reserve in central Croatia. It’s known for a chain of 16 terraced lakes, joined by waterfalls, that extend into a limestone canyon. Walkways and hiking trails wind around and across the water, and an electric boat links the 12 upper and 4 lower lakes. The latter is the site of Veliki Slap, a 78m-high waterfall. It is primarily made out of a large network of karstic lakes and waterfalls and has been an attraction for tourists for over 120 years.
Niagara Falls, New York, and Ontario
When does a waterfall also visit two countries making it, as the golf term goes, a hole in one? When that waterfall is the mighty Niagara of course, which famously straddles the border of the US via New York State and Ontario in beautiful Canada. The falls are impressively high of 100 meters, but equally impressively long, stretching on for what feels like forever. And while the Canadian side boasts a touristy town to spend the weekend, the American side trades mostly in natural, scenic views. Both are worth a visit to get the full experience of seeing the falls. There is even an aquarium in Niagara, home to Humboldt penguins, seals, and sea lions. So much to do in this historical UNESCO wonder.