Rome is known as the “Eternal City” for so many reasons: this truly breathtaking city is a place where tourists can witness the wonderful architecture of so many centuries, starting from ancient times up until today. There are so much history to be witnessed here and some of the oldest buildings in the world are located in the Rome.
Italy’s capital is a city that should be on your bucket list. Once you get there, you’ll see why Rome is every year one of the five most visited cities in whole world! While in the city, there are so many things that every tourist should see and we come up with a list of ten must-see places. Enjoy!
The Trevi Fountain or Fontana di Trevi, as it is called in Italian, is one of the oldest and most popular attractions in Rome. It is built at the end of Aqua Virgo, a famous Roman aqueduct constructed in 19 BC. The construction of the Trevi Fountain begun in 1730 and was finished in 1762 – the architect behind it, Nicola Salvi died before it was finished and he never got to see his masterpiece! According to a legend, if you toss a coin into Trevi with your back to the fountain, you will come back to Rome one day.
Surrounded by the wonderful Villa Borghese gardens, the art gallery is an experience that every art lover would wish to have. The architect behind the gallery was Flaminio Ponzio who in his work included sketches from the owner of the villa and the gallery, Cardinal Scipione Borghese. The gallery was built between 1613 and 1616 and today it consists the art collection of the Cardinal himself, which includes sculptures and baroque art gathered through the years. Some of the most famous sculptures can be found here – Apollo and Daphne and The Goat Amalthea with the Infant Jupiter and a Faun.
The most famous and largest amphitheater in the world, the Colosseum is considered to be one of the greatest pieces of the Roman architecture. The construction begun in 72 AD and lasted for nine years and it used to be the place where gladiator contests and other events took place. The Colosseum was used for entertainment for 390 years, during which is estimated that more than 400.000 people and 1 million animals have died inside it! It stood the test of time, earthquakes and battles and some of the ruins were later used for the construction of St. Peter’s Basilica.
Piazza di Spagna
One of the most famous piazzas in Rome got its name after the Spanish Embassy that was located near the square. What makes this piazza so famous are the famous Spanish Steps that were built in 1655 by the French diplomat Étienne Gueffier. There are 135 steps in total which at the beginning were meant to be a link between the Spanish Embassy and the Trinità dei Monti Church and were designed by the architect Francesco de Sanctis.
The Castel Sant’Angelo is located on the right bank of the Tibet River and its construction begun 123 AD and lasted until 139 AD. At the beginning, it served as mausoleum for Emperor Hadrian, but as the centuries passed, Castel Sant’Angelo had different function – today it is a national museum. At the top of the castle there is a statue of the archangel Michael, which according to a legend appeared on the top of the fortress in the year of 590 and ended the plague in Rome.
The Sistine Chapel or Capella Sistina in Italian is visited everyday by 25.000 tourists or five million a year. It got its name after the Pope Sixtus IV who financed the construction of the chapel in 1473. It is located in the Apostolic Palace in Vatican City. What makes this chapel so precious is the fact that so many famous artists had worked on it – the ceiling has frescoes made by the world’s famous sculptor and painter Michelangelo and before him other famous Italian worked on the chapel as well, including Sandro Botticelli, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Pietro Perugino and Cosimo Roselli.
Even if you’re not a fan of visiting museums and galleries, it’s really a pity if you don’t visit Vatican, located within Rome. It is the home of the Pope and he is the monarch of this independent city-state, where you can simply enjoy the beauty of what surrounds you here – St. Peter’s Basilica, St. Peter’s Square and the obelisk in the middle, that was constructed more than 3.000 years ago! Did you know that Vatican is the only state in the world where Latin is one the official languages?
Piazza Navona represents the remains of that used to be Circus Domitianus, a stadium where ancient Greek Agonal games were held. The Stadium was built in 85 AD, but as the time passed it was completely ruined and all there is left today is the square where it was located – that today is Navona. There are three fountains here, Fountain of the Four Rivers, Moro Fountain and Fountain of Neptune. According to many, Piazza Navona is the second best square in the city after St. Peter’s Square.
The Pantheon is the most preserved Roman architecture which was built as temple to honor the Gods. It is still unsure when exactly the Pantheon was built. Some claim that the first Pantheon was built in 27 BC, but the building as we know it today was built in 120 AD by the Emperor Hadrian. It has the largest, unsupported dome in the world, with its diameter of 142 feet – it is the perfect proportion because the distance from the floor to the top of the dome is also 142 feet.