Everyone of us know that Russia is the biggest country in the world, but have you ever wondered which one is the smallest? The answer is Vatican City, located inside Rome and with a size of a golf course.
Below you will find a list of the 10 independent smallest countries in the world, from smallest to largest. Each of them contains less than 200 square miles in area.
Vatican City – 0.2 square miles
via Adrian Red
The world’s smallest state, the Vatican has a population of 770, none of whom are permanent residents. The tiny country which surrounds St. Peter’s Basilica is the spiritual center for the world’s Roman Catholics. Also known as the Holy See, Vatican City is surrounded by Rome, Italy.
Monaco – 0.7 square miles
The tiny state of Monaco lies along the French Riviera on the French Mediterranean coast near Nice. An impressive 32,000 people live in this state known for its Monte Carlo casinos and Princess Grace. It has been independent off-and-on since the 13th century.
Nauru – 8.5 square miles
The 13,000 residents of the Pacific island Nauru rely on diminishing phosphate deposits. The state became independent in 1968 and was formerly known as Pleasant Island.
Tuvalu – 9 square miles
Tuvalu is composed of 9 coral atolls along a 360 mile chain in Polynesia. They gained independence in 1978. The former Ellice Islands are home to 12,000.
San Marino – 24 square miles
via Víctor Campano
Located on Mt. Titano in north central Italy, San Marino has 29,000 residents. The country claims to be the oldest state in Europe, having been founded in the fourth century.
Liechtenstein – 62 square miles
This microstate of 34,000 is located on the Rhine River between Switzerland and Austria in the Alps.
Marshall Islands – 70 square miles
via Scott Marx
The atolls (including the world’s largest, Kwajalein), reefs, and 34 islands (population 58,000) gained independence in 1986; they were formerly part of the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands (and administered by the United States).
Saint Kitts and Nevis – 104 square miles
This Caribbean country of 39,000 gained independence in 1983. Nevis is the smaller island of the two and is guaranteed the right to secede.
Seychelles – 107 square miles
The 81,000 residents of this Indian Ocean island group have been independent of the United Kingdom since 1976.
Maldives – 115 square miles
Only 200 of the 2000 Indian Ocean islands which make up this country are occupied by 340,000 residents. The islands gained independence from the U.K. in 1965.